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Important Exam Notes-Simon Commission-Communal Award-Indian Polity-Indian History

In my previous posts, we have had comprehensive discussions on reforms before 1857 and important reforms after 1857. This notes are continuation of reforms after 1857 in Indian Freedom Struggle.

Simon Commission:

  • It was headed by Sir John Simon.
  • Constituted in 1927 to inquire into the working of the Government of India Act 1919 (Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms), to report on the condition of India under its proposed formation of a new Constitution.
  • All the members of the commission were British. Hence it was boycotted by Indians.
  • The commission submitted its report in 1930.
  • Main recommendations of the Simon Commission were
    1. Abolition of Dyarchy.
    2. Extension of responsible government in provinces, establishment of a federation of British India and princely states.
    3. Continuation of communal electorates etc.
  •  These recommendations were reflected in the Government of India Act 1935.

Communal Award:

  • British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald announced this scheme in 1932.
  • A scheme of representation of the minorities.
  • Separate electorates for Muslims, Sikhs, Indian Christians, Anglo-Indians and Europeans, depressed classes were extended.
  • Gandhiji was distressed over this communal representation and undertook fast into death in Yeravada Jail (Poona) to get the award modified.
  • The agreement known as Poona Pact retained Hindu joint electorates and gave reserved seats to the depressed classes.

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